Common Mistakes In Improved Surface Trails - S and S Trail Services

Dewayne J. Buratti
2017-04-25
S&S Trail Services, LLC

Common Mistakes In Improved Surface Trails

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Surface Material Choices

 

 

l  Wood Chips

 

l  Decomposed Granite

 

l  Road Base

 

l  Milled Asphalt

 

l  Crushed Stone/Concrete

 

 

Type: Wood Chips

Problems: Floats away!

 

 

  • •Hampers drainage

 

 

  • •Not user friendly

 

 

  • •Promotes plant growth

 

Decomposed Granite

Angular Rock Theoretically locks together

Will not stick on more than 5% slopes

Can't withstand shear forces

Expensive but looks pretty

Much more stable with binder

 

 

Road Base

 

Compacts Very Well

 

Not as pretty a material

 

Handles loads and shear forces well Relatively inexpensive

 

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Milled Asphalt

 

l  Already Contains Binding Agents

l  Compaction is easy

l  May not be inert

l  Can be used on steeper slopes.

 

 

Crushed Stone/Concrete

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Design

What Elements from natural surface trail design apply?

 

What Elements Differ?

 

Similar

 

Must keep the Half Rule

Grade Reversals are necessary

Water is your biggest enemy

 

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Different

 

Slopes should remain as shallow as possible

 

5% is about Maximum

 

Raised Causeway with a crowned tread can give the best results

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Lets Talk Compaction!

 

l  Compaction is a must

l  Mechanical Compaction is superior

l  Moisture is critical

l  Binders such as Soil Lock or Gorilla-Snot®


Weed Barriers?

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Prevents Binding of materials between layers

 

Shows through quickly if design aspects violated

 

Can act as an accelerant for water 

 

 

 

S&S Trail Services, L.L.C.

 

Professional Trail Building

Consultation

Construction

Education

 

 

 

512 Eberhart Lane #1303

Austin, TX 78745

713.446.6610

www.sstrails.com Ryan@sstrails.com

 

 

Outdoor Supervision Only

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Large Build Projects

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Bidding!

 

Determine:

  • •Trail dimensions
  • •Construction technique
    • •Time and cost
    • •Labor pool

 

 

  • •Structures needed

 

 

 

Educated Trail Workers vs. Non

 

Benefits

 

l  Stake Holder Buy In

l  Empowering Volunteers

l  Spreading Trail Building Knowledge

l  Lower Cost for Manager

 

 

Weekends

 

l  Land Manager may or may not be working

l  Trail Professionals Need Weekends!

l  EVERY WEEKEND IS TAKEN!!!!!!

l  Rain, Rain, Go AWAY!

 

 

Promises, Promises!

l  What happened to our volunteers?

l  How to combat/plan for no shows

l  How to plan workdays

 

Work Quality

 

l  Volunteers may take short cuts

l  May not uphold standards as readily

l  May Not be as concerned with liability

l  May not take all safety precautions

l  Some volunteers do great work, but not all have a high level of experience

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More Work!!                  

 

 

End Result

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Questions?

 

S&S Trail Services, L.L.C. www.sstrails.com

Staff:   Ryan         713.446.6610

ryan@sstrails.com

Susan         713.448.0161

susan@sstrails.com

 

Advocacy

 

Scientifically Proven Benefits of Exercise

 

 

 

 

 

  • •Longevity
  • •Cardiovascular health
  • •Cholesterol lowering effect
    • •Prevention and control of diabetes
    • •Reduced risk of stroke
    • •Muscle strength
    • •Bone strength
    • •Lowering of blood pressure
    • •Weight control
    • •New brain cell development, improved cognition, and memory
    • •Better night sleep
    • •Exercise is a powerful antidepressant

 

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S&S Trails Staff

 

25+ combined years of experience

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Susan Stormer

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Ryan Spates


 

 

 

Background

l  Trail user

l  Trail Builder

 

Background

l  Trail user

l  Trail builder

 

 

Cognitive and neurological benefits of exercise

 

l  Physical exercise leads to significant improvements in:

–      Memory ability

–      Critical thinking skills

–      Balanced mood

–      Increased learning potential

–      Finding is more pronounced in people over age 60

 

l  Contact with nature can

–       decrease mental fatigue and accidents

–       enhance mood, concentration and problem solving

l  Exposure to wildlife, horseback riding, hiking, camping and farms can be therapeutic for a variety of health conditions in adults and children

l  An entire movement has begun to connect kids with the healing power of nature

–   No Child Left Inside legislation (2008)

l  Experts emphasize that you don’t have to trek to wilderness preserves to enjoy nature’s benefits– simply strolling in a city park or tending a rooftop garden can make a difference

 

Step 3: Determine the trail users

Trail Runners

Equestrians

Hikers

Mountain Bikers

 

Step 4: Sustainable Trails

  • • Handle high traffic and designated use

 

  • • Withstand erosion

 

  • • Mitigate potential user conflict through good design

 

  • • Long term management plan

 

Trail erosion is caused by a combination of trail users, water and gravity.

 

Water has the potential to do more damage than any other trail user.

 

What can go wrong?

 

Fall Line:

The steepest route of descent down a slope.             Water flowing down a hillside will travel along the fall line.          

 

Rolling Contour Trail

 

 

  • •Built on the sideslope
  • •Sustainable grades
  • •Incorporates grade reversals
  • •Outsloped trail tread
  • •Facilitates sheet flow

The Contour Trail

  • • Erosion resistant and low maintenance
  • •Keeps users on the trail
  • •Keeps water off the trail
    • •Sustainable yet fun trails are the best way to achieve the balance between resource protection and user recreation

 

Don’t Rush!

 

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